How did Spain conquer the Aztec Empire?

Why did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

What factors helped the Spanish conquer the Aztecs?

What factors allowed the Spanish to conquer the Aztecs? The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.

How did the Spanish conquer the Aztecs and Incas?

Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. Cortés and his men used over a dozen large portable guns, mainly for their shock value against the Aztecs. … Even less sophisticated weapons like steel-edged swords, pikes and crossbows, gave Spaniards the upper hand.

Did the Aztecs get conquered by the Spanish?

And yet Tenochtitlán was swiftly conquered by the Spanish in 1521—less than two years after Hernándo Cortés and Spanish conquistadors first set foot in the Aztec capital on November 8, 1519.

How the Spanish conquered the Americas?

Towards the end of the 15th century, a period of discovery and exploration began in Europe. In 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the islands now known as the Bahamas. This marked the beginning the Spanish conquest of the Americas. … 1 Spain ruled a great empire in the Americas for three centuries.

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How did the Spanish treat the people conquered?

How did the Spanish treat the peoples they conquered? Badly, forced them into “encomienda” made natives farm, ranch, or mine for Spanish landlords. What was unique about the Spanish colonization of the lands of New Mexico?