Indians who survived the initial invasion were required to work and to accept Christianity. If they refused, they could be forced to comply. … At the same time they were to be converted to Christianity by the local priests. Spanish churchmen took very seriously their obligation to Christianize the Indians.
What did the Spanish do to the natives religion?
Under encomienda, Spanish colonists were granted a certain amount of land and the labor of the people who lived on it. The system was later transported to Spanish settlements on the mainland. Supposedly, the colonists would pay the native people for their labor and convert them to Christianity.
What did the Spanish think of Native American religions?
One part of the Spanish conquest of the Americas focused on religion: on their need to convert Native Americans to the one true religion. The Spanish viewed Indians as heathen savages who worshipped devils. Therefore, Indians would spend eternity suffering the tortures of hell unless they were saved.
How were natives treated by the Spanish?
The Spanish attitude toward the Indians was that they saw themselves as guardians of the Indians basic rights. The Spanish goal was for the peaceful submission of the Indians. The laws of Spain controlled the conduct of soldiers during wars, even when the tribes were hostile.
How did the natives respond to the Spanish cruelty?
How did the Natives respond to the Spanish cruelty? They hid their food from the Spanish and hid their wives and children in “lurking holes” [caves]. Some of them ran away to the mountains to escape punishment by the Spanish.
How did the Spanish exploit the natives?
Interactions with Native Americans: Spanish colonizers attempted to integrate Native Americans into Spanish culture by marrying them and converting them to Catholicism. … The Pueblo Revolt was one example of a successful Native American effort to reclaim their religious practices, culture, and land.
How did religion affect Spanish colonization?
Such an empowerment clearly meant that along with Spanish law, governance, language, and culture, the Roman Catholic religion, too, would cross from Europe to the Americas and that the king of Spain would engage in the spread of Christianity to the native peoples of the New World.
What are the positive effects of Spanish colonization?
Some of the positive effects were: universities were opened early. In 1820 only the Philippines have improved in civilization, wealth, and Populousness. The establish of schools, many schools were built. They taught them how to read, write, and speak in English.
What were the effects of Spanish colonization?
They invaded the land of the native americans, treating them in an unfriendly and violent manner when they arrived. The effects of colonization on the native populations in the New World were mistreatment of the natives, harsh labor for them, and new ideas about religion for the spaniards.
How did the Spanish treat the Aztecs?
The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, grains, and European farming practices. Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.
How did the English and Spanish treat the Native Americans?
The Spanish conquistadors were unquestionably cruel to Native Americans. England’s colonists, however, were equally hostile toward the natives they encountered. The success of England’s colonies depended on the exploitation of Native Americans who were forced off their lands.
How were the Native American treated by the British?
The English treated the Natives as inferior, believed they stood in the way of their God-given right to the land in America and tried to subject the Natives to their laws as they established their colonies.
How did the Spanish treat the Tainos?
In Haiti and the Dominican Republic (which they name Hispaniola), Spanish colonists force Taino people into slave labor, mutilate them, or kill them.
Why were the Spanish able to defeat the Native Americans so easily?
The Spanish were able to defeat the Aztec and the Inca not only because they had horses, dogs, guns, and swords, but also because they brought with them germs that made many native Americans sick. Diseases like smallpox and measles were unknown among the natives; therefore, they had no immunity to them.