Best answer: How did the Spanish use a social hierarchy to gain power?

According to document above, how did the Spanish use a social hierarchy to gain, consolidate, maintain and/or distribute power? … control and regulate the indians during the colonization of the Americas, but sometimes they abused their power.

How did the Spanish use a social hierarchy to gain consolidate maintain and or distribute power?

How did the Spanish use absolutism to gain, consolidate, and maintain and or distribute power? enforced royal laws/decrees, administrative court.

What factor determined how high someone was on the Spanish colony social hierarchy?

Birth, education, and income are factors that determine a person’s social class in Spanish Colonial Society.

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What factors determined the social hierarchy in the Iberian colonies in the New World?

The social hierarchy was determined by how pure your blood was, and if you were a Native to Spain or Portugal. Those of mixed races or Native races of Africa or the New World tended to stay at the bottom of the social stratification.

How did Portugal and Spain govern their colonies to promote economic gain and exert their authority?

How did Portugal and Spain govern their colonies to promote economic gain and exert their authority? They used the encomienda and mita systems for cheap labor, while sending gold and goods to Europe. They promised to protect the natives.

How did Spanish conquistadors gain colonies in the Americas?

Hoping to salvage Portugal’s holdings, King João II negotiated a treaty with Spain. The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 drew a north-to-south line through South America. Spain gained territory west of the line, while Portugal retained the lands east of the line, including the east coast of Brazil.

How did the Spanish empire maintain power?

In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. todemand labor or taxes from Native Americans. The Spanish forced Native Americans to work in the gold and silver mines.

How was Spanish colonial society structured?

How was society structured in the Spanish colonies? Spanish colonial society was divided into a caste system. Peninsulares were the wealthy, elite and regarded themselves higher than everyone else because they were born in Spain. Creoles were the middle class, and were often born in Latin America.

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How did Spanish colonization affect social order in the Americas?

Spanish conquerors used their large plantations to force labor among African and Indian slaves. … Somewhere along the line, the Spanish began to intermarry and discriminated against these laborers, which in turn created a new class system, and destroyed native cultures.

Why did the Spanish create a society in New Spain that was highly stratified by race?

Why did New Spain develop a society that was highly stratified by race & national origin? The Columbian exchange exposed people on both sides of the Atlantic to surprising new people and goods. It also produced dramatic demographic and political transformations in the Old World and the New.

What was the social hierarchy in the new world?

The people can be ranked on how much money they make, the jobs they have, or whether they own land. In Colonial America, there were three main social classes. They were the gentry, the middle class, and the poor. The highest class was the gentry.

What was the social class in Latin America in the 1500s based on?

established in central and south America a caste system formed. One’s social class was directly tied to how “pure” his blood was and his place of birth. their control and only have “loyal” people in office. Spain wanted to keep loyalty of colonial leaders.

What were the social characteristics of colonial Latin America?

What were the social characteristics of colonial Latin America? Colonial governments mirrored the home governments. A major element of the economy was the mining of precious metals for export. Major cities were established as outposts of colonial authority.

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How did the economies of the Spanish and Portuguese colonies differ?

They both traded and enslaved natives. They relied on trade and slavery. Different: Spain’s empire had mineral wealth while Portugal relied on agriculture and cattle.

Why did Spain establish these colonies?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

When the Spanish colonized the Americas they utilized the Encomienda system in which colonial settlers?

What became of the Taino people of the Caribbean? When Spanish settlers arrived, they did not want to preform heavy labor. So they used the encomienda system, which gave Spanish settlers the right to compel the Taíno people to work in their mines/fields.