How did the arrival of the Spanish explorers change life in the Americas?

How did the arrival of Spanish explorers change life in the Americas?

The Europeans brought technologies, ideas, plants, and animals that were new to America and would transform peoples’ lives: guns, iron tools, and weapons; Christianity and Roman law; sugarcane and wheat; horses and cattle. They also carried diseases against which the Indian peoples had no defenses.

How did the Spanish colonization affect the Americas?

Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest. … To add insult to smallpox, the Spanish explorers enslaved the Native Americans who weren’t killed and then took their natural resources.

How did exploration change the Americas?

Explorers and conquistadors brought many new plants to the Americas . They brought European crops such as barley and rye. … They brought plants that had originally come from Asia, including sugar, bananas, yams, citrus fruit, coffee, rice, and sugarcane. New plants created new economies in the Americas .

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What did Spanish explorers bring to America?

Tomatoes, chocolate, potatoes, corn, green beans, peanuts, vanilla, pineapple, and turkey transformed the European diet, while Europeans introduced sugar, cattle, pigs, cloves, ginger, cardamon, and almonds to the Americas.

How did the arrival of Spanish explorers affect?

As the English, French, and Spanish explorers came to North America, they brought tremendous changes to American Indian tribes. … Diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles, and even chicken pox proved deadly to American Indians. Europeans were used to these diseases, but Indian people had no resistance to them.

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America quizlet?

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Paying tribute included giving gold or human sacrifice victims to a larger, more powerful empire.

How did exploration change the world?

HOW DID EXPLORATION AFFECT THE WORLD? European countries brought many lands under their control. The world was opened up and new crops were introduced from one land to another. … In the NEW WORLD, many native peoples died because they had no resistance to the European diseases that explorers and crews brought with them.

Why did Spanish monarchs encourage exploration?

Why did Spanish monarchs encourage exploration? He wanted to find new trade routes and discover new land. … Hernan Cortes was the commander of the Spanish forces that entered the Aztec territories that eventually conquered and broke the power of the Aztecs.

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How did European exploration in the Americas affect both the Aztec and Spanish empires?

The invasions of the conquistadors brought down the Aztec and Incan Empires. European diseases wiped out millions of Native Americans, and early attempts at converting the natives usually ended with the holy books and shrines of the natives being destroyed.

What did the Spanish bring to Central America?

Spain encouraged the mining of precious metals, but Central American deposits were thin, and agriculture came to dominate the economy of the colony.

How did the Spanish empire change Latin America?

The Spanish conquest of Latin America brought many important changes to Latin American society. Spain sent royal governors or viceroys to rule the colonies in the king’s name. … In areas where many Native Americans had died, captured African slaves were used to replace a dying Native American Indian population.

What did Spanish explorers bring with them to the New World?

Christopher Columbus introduced horses, sugar plants, and disease to the New World, while facilitating the introduction of New World commodities like sugar, tobacco, chocolate, and potatoes to the Old World. The process by which commodities, people, and diseases crossed the Atlantic is known as the Columbian Exchange.